This article is for MeToo movement. Sexual Harassment is one of the biggest problems our women are facing today in different sectors of life. We rarely pass through a week without a reminder of these kinds of incidents which should be termed as “social problems”. MeToo is a social movement against sexual abuse, sexual harassment, and rape culture, in which people publicize their experiences of sexual abuse or sexual harassment. The phrase “Me Too” was initially used in this context on social media in 2006. On Myspace, by sexual assault survivor and activist Tarana Burke but began as a social phenomenon in October 2017. A hashtag started by American actress Alyssa Milano who shared her story of sexual assault against Harvey Weinstein. Shortly afterward, women from across the world began talking about their sex crime victim survivor stories.
The international MeToo movement began in late 2018 and continues to the present day to manifest in areas of the Indian society including the government, the media, and the Bollywood film industry. In India, the Me Too movement is seen as either an independent outgrowth influenced by the international campaign against sexual harassment of women in the workplace. Me Too began gaining prominence in India with the increasing popularity of the international movement. Later gathered sharp momentum in October 2018 in the entertainment industry of Bollywood, centred in Mumbai. when actress Tanushree Dutta accused Nana Patekar of sexual harassment. This led to many women in the news media, Indian films, and even within the government to speak out and bring allegations of sexual harassment against a number of perpetrators.
What is the Me Too movement?
The Me Too movement is an effort to effect social change, organized primarily through social media, where it’s often expressed as #MeToo. Originally founded in 2006, it became prominent both online and in the mainstream in late 2017, when several high-profile actresses opened up about their experiences with sexual harassment in the film industry.
Since then, the movement has provided a source of solidarity for women from all backgrounds who have experienced sexual harassment, most often, though not always, perpetrated by a male colleague.
Me Too movement founder: Tarana Burke
During the early years, Tarana Burke, an American social activist, began to use the phrase “me too” on the social networking platform Myspace to highlight the occurrence of sexual harassment, particularly as it targeted women of color.
Burke argues that the Me Too movement works on empowerment through empathy by showing the world just how common sexual harassment is and by telling survivors that they aren’t alone and are supported.
Sexual harassment defined: What is it?
The Me Too movement is primarily concerned with two types of behavior : sexual harassment and sexual assault. Although the precise legal definitions of these terms may vary from state to state, they are generally understood as referring to specific inappropriate and unwanted sexual behaviors, especially in the workplace or at school.
According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, sexual harassment consists of “unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature.”
Legally, sexual harassment in the workplace is covered under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, the behaviours characteristic of sexual harassment are inappropriate and wrong, no matter where they’re being exhibited.
Examples of sexual harassment in the workplace include scenarios such as:
One co-worker making repeated unwanted sexual advances toward another, whether they were told to stop or not. A superior asking for sexual favours from an employee in exchange for some benefit in the workplace, such as a promotion or a raise. A superior threatening an employee based on their unwillingness to engage in sexual or romantic activity
Non-physical and non-verbal actions, such as leering, staring, winking, blowing kisses, and eating or holding food provocatively
Because sexual assault is a form of sexual harassment, all instances of sexual assault are also instances of sexual harassment. However, not all instances of sexual harassment are severe enough to qualify as sexual assault.
According to the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN), sexual assault is characterized by sexual contact of any kind without the consent of the victim. This could include rape or attempted rape, unwanted sexual touching, or forcing another person to perform sexual acts against their will.
Sexual assault often includes the use of force, but force doesn’t have to be physical. It’s still sexual assault if a victim is coerced or manipulated into unwanted sexual behaviour.
Examples of sexual assault include scenarios such as:
A professor threatening a student’s grades if that student doesn’t engage in certain sexual behaviors Someone touching another person sexually, without that person’s explicit consent. For example, one person groping another on a crowded train. At the end we must say be aware & create awareness of such things in your daughters.